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Summary: Breaking the Ice is an internet-based brief early intervention for psychostimulant use, including ice (crystal methamphetamine). The intervention draws on Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Motivation Enhancement Training, and aims to:

  • Target light-moderate psychostimulant use (methamphetamines, including ice, and ecstasy), and particularly those who are at high risk of progressing to dependent or problematic use, or who are already experiencing problems, but are not seeking help, and;
  • Focus particularly on young adults aged 16-25 years (but not to the exclusion of older adults).

Developers: Breaking the Ice was originally developed in collaboration with researchers from the Australian National University, the University of New South Wales and Curtin University. The NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence in Mental Health and Substance Use, in partnership with NSW Health and Curtin University, re-developed the program in 2016 based on feedback obtained by young people at risk of, or already using, ice.

Costs: Free

Year: 2013

Evidence baseThe original Breaking the Ice online intervention has been evaluated in one peer-reviewed randomised controlled trial. See references below:

  • Tait, R.J., McKetin, R., Kay-Lambkin, F., Carron-Arthur, B., Bennett, A., Bennett, K., Christensen, H., Griffiths, K., 2015. Six month outcomes of a web-based intervention for users of amphetamine-type stimulants: Randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research 17, e105 http://www.jmir.org/2015/2014/e2105/.
  • Tait, R.J., McKetin, R., Kay-Lambkin, F.J., Carron-Arthur, B., Bennett, A., Bennett, K., Christensen, H. & Griffiths, K.M. (2014). Breaking the Ice: 3-month outcomes of a randomised controlled trial of a web-based intervention for users of amphetamine-type stimulants. Journal of Medical Internet Research (Mental Health), 1(1): e1. https://mental.jmir.org/2014/1/e1/
  • Tait, R.J., McKetin, R., Kay-Lambkin, F., Bennett, K., Tam, A., Bennett, A., Geddes, J., Garrick, A., Christensen, H., Griffiths, K.M. (2012). Breaking the Ice: A protocol for a randomised controlled trial of an internet-based intervention addressing amphetamine-type stimulant use. BMC Psychiatry. 12(67): DOI: 10.1186/1471-244X-12-67.

Page last updated: Wednesday, 11 April 2018