To say that a resource is “evidence-based” is to say that it is informed or supported by evidence. The evidence that supports or backs up a particular resource may take different forms. In the case of the factsheets listed on Cracks in the Ice, “evidence-based” means that the information provided in these factsheets comes from a reliable information source and is backed by research studies.
Click here for a full list of sources used in the development of the Cracks in the Ice website.
For example, to develop the “What is crystal methamphetamine ('ice')?” information page, researchers from a leading research institute, the National Health and Medical Research Council Centre of Research Excellence in Mental Health and Substance Use at the University of New South Wales (now the Matilda Centre for Research in Mental Health and Substance Use, website opens in a new window at the University of Sydney) conducted a review of published research studies reporting on the nature of the drug as well as the patterns of, and reasons for, ice use. Following this, the proposed “What is crystal methamphetamine ('ice')?” information page was reviewed by researchers and clinicians working in the field. These processes allow us to be confident that the information on our website is fact-based and accurate.
The evidence-base for resources is important, as this helps us to judge how reliable and effective the resource is. Not all information on the internet is reliable and accurate. To help you evaluate the resources listed on Cracks in the Ice, we provide information about the source of information at the bottom of each page (under “Sources”) and where relevant, who developed the resource (under "Developers").
For more information about the use of evidence-based practice in community health education and promotion, see: Armstrong, R., Waters, E., Crockett, B., & Keleher, H. (2007). The nature of evidence resources and knowledge translation for health promotion practitioners. Health Promotion International, 22, 254-260. https://heapro.oxfordjournals.org/content/22/3/254.full.pdf+html