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Reference List

The factsheets and information contained on this website were developed and/or reviewed by researchers at the NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence in Mental Health and Substance Use, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW and the National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University. The following sources were used to inform the content on Cracks in the Ice:

  • 2007 National Drug Strategy Household Survey: detailed findings. (2008). Drug statistics series no. 22. Cat. no. PHE 107. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
  • 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Survey. (2014). Drug statistics series no. 25. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
  • 2016 National Drug Strategy Household Survey. (2017). Key Findings https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/illicit-use-of-drugs/ndshs-2016-key-findings/data. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
  • Alcohol and other drug treatment National Minimum Data set (AODTS NMDS 2015–16), Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2017, https://www.aihw.gov.au/about-our-data/our-data-collections/alcohol-and-other-drug-treatment-services
  • Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission, National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program, Report1, March 2017, https://www.acic.gov.au/publications/intelligence-products/national-wastewater-drug-monitoring-program-report
  • Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission, National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program, Report4, March 2018, https://www.acic.gov.au/sites/g/files/net3726/f/nwdmp4.pdf?v=1522809564
  • Australian Drug Foundation. (2016). Amphetamines. Melbourne: State Government Victoria.
  • Australian General Practice Network. (2007). Management of patients with psychostimulant use problems: Guidelines for general practitioners. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing.
  • Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2018). Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2016–17: key findings. Media Release 20 Apr 2018,  https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/alcohol-other-drug-treatment-services/aodts-2016-17-key-findings/data
  • Black, E. (2014). Polydrug use: What you need to know about mixing drugs. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • Controlled Substances Act 1984 (SA).
  • Criminal Code Act 1995 (AUS).
  • Darke, S., Kaye, S., and Duflou, J. (2017) Rates, characteristics and circumstances of methamphetamine-related death in Australia: a national 7-year study. Addiction, doi: 10.1111/add.13897.

  • Degenhardt, L. , Sara, G., McKetin, R., Roxburgh, A., Dobbins, T., Farrell, M., Burns, L., Hall, W. (2016). Crystalline methamphetamine use and methamphetamine-related harms in Australia. Drug and Alcohol Review. 36, 160-170.
  • Degenhardt, L., Larney, S., Chan, G., Dobbins, T., Weier, M., Roxburgh, A., Hall, W., & McKetin, R. (2016). Estimating the number of regular and dependent methamphetamine users in Australia, 2002-2014. Medical Journal of Australia, 204 (4), 1.e1-1.e6.
  • Drug Info. (2010). The facts about roadside testing. Melbourne: State Government Victorian Department of Health.
  • Drug Misuse and Trafficking Act 1985 (NSW).
  • Drugs Misuse Act 1986 (QLD).
  • Drugs of Dependence Act 1989 (ACT).
  • Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances Act 1981 (VIC).
  • Gossop, M., Darke, S., Griffiths, P., Hando, J., Powis, B., Hall, W., & Strang, J. (1995). The Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS): Psychometric properties of the SDS in English and Australian samples of heroin, cocaine and amphetamine users. Addiction, 90, 607-14.
  • Guidelines for the acute assessment and management of amphetamine-type stimulant intoxication and toxicity. (2014). Adelaide: Nexus (Concurrent Mental Illness & Substance Use Advisory Service), National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction, Flinders University.
  • Hughes, C. (2014). Drugs and the law: What you need to know. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • Jenner, L., & Lee, N. (2008). Responding to challenging situations related to the use of psychostimulants: A practical guide for frontline workers. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing.
  • Jenner, L., & Lee, N. (2008). Treatment approaches for users of methamphetamine: A practical guide for frontline workers. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing.
  • Jenner, L., Baker, A., Whyte, I., & Carr, V. (2004). Psychostimulants: Management of acute behavioural disturbances. Guidelines for police services. Canberra. Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing.
  • Jenner, L., Spain, D., Whyte, I., Baker. A., Carr, V.J., & Crilly, J. (2006). Management of patients with psychostimulant toxicity: Guidelines for emergency departments. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing.
  • Karlsson, A. and Burns, L. (2018). Australian Drug Trends 2017. Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). Australian Drug Trend Series. No. 181. Sydney, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW Australia.

  • Kay-Lambkin, F. (2008). The stepped care model: A useful intervention strategy for people who use methamphetamine. Melbourne: State Government Victoria Department of Human Services.
  • Marel, C., Mills, K.L., Kingston, R., Gournay, K., Deady, M., Kay-Lambkin, F., Baker, A., & Teesson, M. (2016). B6: Aggressive, angry or violent behaviour. In Guidelines on the management of co-occurring alcohol and other drug and mental health conditions in alcohol and other drug treatment settings (2nd edition), pp. 181-182. Sydney, Australia: Centre of Research Excellence in Mental Health and Substance Use, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales. The Guidelines were funded by the Australian Government Department of Health.
  • McKetin, R., & Black, E. (2014). Methamphetamine: What you need to know about speed, ice, crystal, base and meth. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • McKetin, R., Lubman, D.I., Najman, J.M., Dawe, S., Butterworth, P., & Baker, A.L. (2013). Does methamphetamine use increase violence behaviour? Evidence from a prospective longitudinal study. Addiction, 109, 798-806.
  • Mental Health First Aid Australia. (2013). Helping someone with drug use problems: Mental health first aid guidelines. Melbourne: Mental Health First Aid Australia.
  • Mindhealthconnect. (December, 2015). An online gateway to trusted mental health resources and content from Australia’s leading health organisations.
  • Misuse of Drugs Act 1981 (WA).
  • Misuse of Drugs Act 2001 (TAS).
  • Misuse of Drugs Act 2016 (NT).
  • National Cannabis Prevention and Intervention Centre. (2014). Parents: How to help. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • Pacific Centre for Motivation and Change, Australia. (2006). Retrieved from: http://www.pacificcmc.com/index.html
  • Positive Choices. (2016). Climate Schools: Psycho-stimulant and cannabis module. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • Positive Choices. (2016). Drug education: Parent booklet. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • Positive Choices. (2016). Helping someone who has taken an illegal drug. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • Positive Choices. (2016). How can parents and schools prevent drug-related harms?. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • Positive Choices. (2016). How parents can protect against drug use. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • Positive Choices. (2016). How to help a friend with a drug problem. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • Positive Choices. (2016). How to put someone in the recovery position. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • Positive Choices. (2016). Making Choices. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • Positive Choices. (2016). Pure Rush interactive game. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • Positive Choices. (2016). School-based drug prevention: What works?. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • Positive Choices. (2016). Why do young people use drugs?. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • Roche, A. and McEntee, A. (2016), Ice and the outback: Patterns and prevalence of methamphetamine use in rural Australia. Aust. J. Rural Health. doi:10.1111/ajr.12331
  • Rusyniak, D.E. (2011). Neurologic manifestations of chronic methamphetamine abuse. Neurologic Clinics, 29, 641-655.
  • Stafford, J. & Breen, C. (2015). Australian Drug Trends 2015: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
  • Stapinski, L.S., Reda, B., Newton, N., Lawler, S., Rodriguez, D., Chapman, C. & Teesson, M. (2017). Development and evaluation of 'Pure Rush': An online serious game for drug education. Drug and Alcohol Review.

  • The Other Talk. (2013). How do I start the conversation?. Australian Drug Foundation.
  • Topp, L., & Mattick, R.P. (1997). Choosing a cut-off on the Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS) for amphetamine users. Addiction, 92, 839-45.

  • Walking a tightrope. Alcohol and other drug support: A guide for families. (2014). Adelaide: National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction, Flinders University.

  • Youth Drugs and Alcohol Advice. (n.d.) Support Options.

Page last updated: Wednesday, 31 January 2018