Ice Breaker

Using ice can lead to insomnia

Can’t find what you’re looking for? Let us know
References
Click here to see a full source list

Ice (crystal methamphetamine) triggers the release of two chemicals in the brain, called dopamine and noradrenaline. These chemicals are also released during pleasant activities - like eating and sex – and they are responsible for making us feel alert and excited. But flooding the brain with these chemicals can cause on 'overload' in the system which is why some people can’t sleep for days or experience symptoms of psychosis after taking ice.

Ice also stops the brain from reabsorbing these chemicals which lowers their supply in the brain. This is why people often feel low or irritable for 2-3 days after taking ice.

Over the long term, regular use of ice can can damage or destroy dopamine receptors in the brain — sometimes to a point where users no longer feel normal without having ice in their system. Even after people have stopped using ice it can take up to a year before these brain changes return to normal.

What are the effects of ice?

The effects of ice often last for between 4 and 12 hours depending on how much ice is consumed. Although the effects of ice are usually felt quickly (within minutes if it is smoked or injected, or about 30 minutes if snorted or swallowed), it can take 1 to 2 days to entirely leave the body. 

The physical effects of ice can include:   

SHORT TERM

  • Headaches and dizziness
  • Dilated (enlarged) pupils and blurred vision
  • Dry mouth
  • Jaw clenching, teeth grinding
  • Insomnia
  • Trembling
  • Sweaty, cold and clammy skin
  • Increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • Reduced appetite
  • Stomach cramps
  • Dehydration
  • Aggressive behaviour
  • A 'comedown'
  • Increased energy

Long term

  • Stroke
  • Dental problems: increased tooth sensitivity, cracked teeth and cavities, gum disease
  • Dependence
  • Increased risk of hepatitis C and HIV in injecting users
  • Heart and lung problems
  • Kidney problems, including kidney failure
  • Malnutrition
  • Exhaustion

The ComeDown Phase and Withdrawal

A 'comedown' phase or ‘crash’ is often experienced by ice users as the drug starts to wear off. These feelings can last a few days and symptoms can include:

  • Feeling down or depressed
  • Decreased appetite
  • Exhaustion
  • Increased need for sleep
  • Irritability
  • Feeling anxious.

Withdrawals refer to unpleasant symptoms experienced by users who are dependent on ice. These symptoms can last for several days or many weeks, depending on the severity of use. Withdrawal symptoms can include: 

  • Headaches
  • Anxiety
  • Aggression
  • Restlessness
  • Cramps
  • Vomiting.